Cargo Charges. Here the agent should give an estimate of the stevedoring costs if these are for the ship’s account. If the ship has to discharge part of the cargo into barges in order to reduce her draft sufficiently to come alongside, these costs should also be detailed. The agent must know what has been agreed at the chartering stage regarding the use of shore cranes and who pays for them. Alternatively, if the ship is to use her own loading/discharging gear, the agent will need to explain whether the labour regulations in the port allow these to be operated by the ship’s crew or whether shore labour has to be employed. Some commodities such as bagged cargoes, require tallying and in many ports the labour regulations insist that this is done by shore personnel which once again may be an item for the agent to include in the pro forma. Ships Items will comprise all those charges which relate to the ‘domestic’ needs of the ship. The first will be Cash to Master. If the ship has been at sea for some time and is due at a port where shore leave is attractive to the crew, the demand for some of their wages in local currency will be heavy. It is important that the amount which the agent is authorised to advance to the Captain is clearly understood by all concerned because it can be a substantial figure. The other items under this heading can range from supplies of fresh water, stores and provisions to medical and dental treatment for the crew. Minor repairs and servicing of ship’s equipment may also be included here but it is rare for the agent to become involved in major repairs as this is a subject for the marine and/or engineering superintendents.