Agents referred to in Clause 6 (boxes 18 and 19) are not the Port Agents who will be appointed by the Owners to look after the ship’s interests at the loading and discharge ports. But the agents of the charterers who will be responsible for coordinating the cargo operations at each end. The Appointment of Port Agents is dealt with in clause 14, and they may be named in a typed clause attached to the charter party. If you find any other words or expressions, which you do not understand, your tutor
will always help you. Clause 8 (the Lien Clause) is designed to protect the shipowner from non-payment of freight, demurrage and other such sums due to him. Remember the date given in box 5 when the ship was expected to be ready to load?
The cancelling date (Box 21, clause 9) defines the other end of this period known as the “laydays” after which the Charterers have the option to cancel the charter party if the ship has still not presented herself for loading. Cancellation tends to be a last resort in most instances, as the charterers are then faced with having to find another suitable vessel to carry their cargo, probably at short notice. Similarly the owners will have to find other employment for their ship, which may already be on its way to the expected loading port, but excessive delays may force the charterers to use this sanction. The remaining clauses deal with such eventualities as collisions, strikes, war and ice, and establish the jurisdiction which will apply in the case of legal disputes or arbitration – an important consideration in international trading.