The International Chamber of Shipping was established in 1921 and gained its current title in 1948. Its members are composed of national shipowners’ associations and shipping companies who together represent half the world’s merchant fleet. The I.C.S. ( The International Chamber of Shipping) represents the collective views of the international merchant ship operators from different nations, sectors and trades, and is heavily involved in a wide variety of areas including technical, legal and operational matters affecting merchant shipping. It has consultative status with a number of intergovernmental bodies including the IMO, the World Customs Organisation, the International Telecommunications Union and UNCTAD. The London based International Chamber of Shipping shares a secretariat with The International Shipping Federation, the only international employers’ organisation dedicated to maritime manpower issues. I.S.F (International Chamber of Shipping) is financed wholly by annual subscriptions paid by its members and calculated on the basis of the size of the fleet they represent. It provides a forum for national shipowners’ and managers’ associations worldwide in the field of human resources, training and welfare as well as the traditional employers’ issues. The International Chamber of Shipping and the International Shipping Federation share an informative website at www.marisec.org. This also contains a list of the Member organisations which make up the I.C.S. ( The International Chamber of Shipping) such as the Hellenic Chamber of Shipping, The Cyprus Shipping Council, The Japanese Shipowners’ Association and the UK Chamber of Shipping, with hyperlinks to each of these organisations.