International Conventions

The Hague and Hague-Visby Rules impose a one-year time limit running from the date of delivery of the goods where the goods are damaged or the date when they should have been delivered if the goods are lost. In practice it is usual for carriers to grant extensions of this one-year period.  However, take particular note that the Hamburg Rules allow the cargo owner two years in which to commence any action for loss or damage to goods. The Brussels Collision and Salvage Convention 1910  lays down a special time bar of two years for collision and salvage actions. The time was to run from two years from the date of the casualty or when the operations of salvage terminated. The Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969 has a three-year limit is provided from the date of damage but no action can be brought after six years from the date of the incident which caused damage. Under the Athens Convention 1974 a period of two years is provided in respect of death or personal injury of passengers or their luggage from the date of disembarkation or expected disembarkation.