Lien Clause

The lien clause: If the charterer has failed to make payments due to the shipowner un- der the terms of the charter party, the shipowner has a right of lien on the cargo-according to the lien clause, the shipowner may retain the cargo on board or in a warehouse ashore until the outstanding payment is made. Under common law, this is called a possessory lien. The lien clause extends this to cover not only nonpayment of freight but also dead freight, demurrage, damages for detention, and general average contributions due to the shipowner. Strikes:
A voyage charter party usually contains a strikes clause, ‘which deals with delays and other problems arising as a result of strikes at the loading or discharging ports or in seaways and canals that ships sail through in the course of the voyage. The strikes clause covers the extent to which the shipowners are entitled to be compensated by the charterers for the delay of their ship as a result of a strike; the parties’ right to order the ship to proceed to an alternative port; and the situation in which a strike occurs during loading. If the charterer nominates a port where a strike occurs the shipowner may indicate in the charterparty that the time lost will be treated as counting towards the estimation of laytime. If the strike occurs during operations then certain charterparties like the GENCON indicate that time lost will be paid at half the demurrage rate. Protecting clauses: It is usual for a voyage charter party form to conclude with certain standard protecting clauses. These clauses have been devised and recommended by organizations protecting the shipowner’s interests. The most common of these are the P&I bunkering clause, the both to blame collision clause, the new Jason clause, an ice clause, and war risks clauses.