Manganese is used as an alloy of iron – ferro-manganese – and is essential to steel-making and for certain other industrial processes, acting as a toughener and a cleanser, removing sulphides and oxides. Widely available and exported in dust or in lumps in some quantity from West and South Africa, India and Australia. Care must be taken to avoid contamination by chrome ore if shipped together as part cargoes whilst, for manganese, there is also the risk of insect infestation in the ore.
- Bulk Manganese Stowage Factor 16/19
- Bagged Manganese Stowage Factor 22/25