Seed Cake Shipping
The residue husks (hulls) remaining after the oils have been extracted are termed Expellers, which since these remain rich in nutrient, are valued for such as cattle-fodder or fertiliser.
Expellers may be shipped as they are, but are often pressed into cakes, termed Seed Cake (Oil Cake).
Seed Cake (Oil Cake) is shipped in bulk or in bags.
Seed Cake (Oil Cake) is vary considerably in their precise carriage requirements, depending on:
- Oil-extraction process
Seed Cake (Oil Cake) is extensively covered in the IMO Dangerous Goods Code and in associated publications, being classified as Inflammable Solids.
Before Seed Cake (Oil Cake) Shipping, they require ageing. During Seed Cake (Oil Cake) Shipping, they are liable to lose weight on passage as oil content dries out, to overheat, perhaps to spontaneously combust, to become infested by insects, to taint from other goods, and to emit strong odor.