They claim they are concerned to ensure that, say, Filipino crews have their wages raised to the ITF’s arbitrary level (which is far in excess of general wage levels in the Philippines) but in practice the real intention is to endeavour to make Filipino crews an un-attractive proposition. The ITF should, however, never be underrated; their fund raising from affected ships now provides for permanent ITF officials in many major ports and their intelligence network is first class. Administering ships’ crews demands a well disciplined organization. Apart from the recruitment of the men themselves the task of ensuring they get the correct wages at the correct time is vital. Ships’ crews are too remote to be able to look in on the personnel department to clear up minor mistakes and those left unattended soon become sources of irritation and consequent poor morale. The department therefore, has to be well founded so that data about basic pay, overtime, bonuses, feeds into the system without a hitch. In many cases the crew department takes on the task of passing some of the crew members’ wages to their next of kin in compliance with allotment agreements. Such a payment may well be a wife’s only source of income so that mistakes can cause considerable hardship. Apart from maintaining basic efficiency, a crew department can make a positive contribution to the company’s economy. Most contracts with crew members are for specific periods of time with appropriate leeway to allow time for a voyage to complete. Careful co-ordination with the timing of voyages can ensure that crew changes take place at the shortest travelling distance away. Precise timing can save accommodation costs for crew members arriving too early or, worse still, holding the ship up for crew arriving too late. Even ‘shopping around’ for the best deal from an airline or travel agent can make a worthwhile contribution to the crew department budget.