New York Produce Exchange Form (NYPE) is a Time Charter Party form. The charterer is responsible for employing the ship, finding the cargo and paying port, canal, cargo handling, tank/hold cleaning and fuel costs. The management of the ship, however, remains the responsibility of the owner. A charterer may sublet the ship, i.e. operate her on the voyage market. In this case, he becomes the disponent owner; this means that, although he does not own the ship, he is entitled to the benefits that are obtained from trading her during the period of the charter. The charterer is the carrier and the master signs the bills of lading on his behalf. Thus any claims for cargo damage or shortage must first be met by the charterer, although the charterer may subsequently claim reimbursement from the ‘beneficial’ (” actual) owner. Regardless of the number of sub-charters, the head or first charterer is always responsible to the owner for the employment of the ship. Examples of dry cargo time charter forms are the New York Produce Exchange form (NYPE) and the BALTIME. The former is produced by the Association of Shipbrokers and Agents, New York (ASBA) and considered to favour the charterer, while the latter is produced by BIMCO and is considered to be more biased in favour of owners. The newer GENTIME and LINERTIME Charter Parties are used less often.