Timber is a valuable product and little is wasted. Even sawdust and chippings of wood are utilized. Wood chips require transport by sea, normally in bulk carriers which are offering high deadweight/cubic ratio so as to handle large quantities of this high-stowing wood chips. Stowage Factor (SF) of wood chips depends upon:
- Type of timber from which wood chip is created
- Method of cutting
- Moisture content of the cargo and how long wood chips have been left in the open are before shipment
Usually, Stowage Factor (SF) of wood chips cargo is somewhere between 80 and 110 cubic feet per tonne. Wood chips may be used in the manufacture of chipboard and similar products. Specialized bulk carriers called Wood Chip Carriers are built to carry wood chip cargo.