- Normally, responsibility for ship loading/discharging operations and for stowage is on shipowners. However, with clear words in charter-party, this responsibility can be transferred to the charterer.
- Clause in a charter-party which confers upon the charterer the right to appoint stevedores does not transfer the responsibility for their acts or omissions.
- Clause in a charter-party which makes the charterer responsible for the expense of employing the stevedores to perform loading, stowage or discharging does not transfer responsibility
- Clause which provides that the charterer shall perform loading, stowage or discharging does transfer responsibility for those operations