FIO (Free In and Out)
FlO (Free In and Out): in practice it may be argued, that a cargo is loaded when it is placed in the hold of the vessel without the requirement of placing (stowing) in the correct position to keep it safe from damage, either from other cargoes adjacent or subsequently loaded in the hold. Thus frequently the following description is included: free in and out, cargo to be loaded and discharged free of expense to the carrier.
FIOS (Free In Out and Stowed): cargo to be loaded stowed and discharged free of expense to the carrier for bagged or cased goods. This covers the requirement to carefully place the cargo in a way and position to ensure the goods are not damaged.
FIOT (Free In Out and Trimmed): cargo to be loaded, stowed, trimmed and discharged free of expense to carrier; bulk commodities are typical cargoes. Trimming is the process of ensuring the cargo reaches the full width and length of the hold and possibly finishing off by leveling at the top or within the hatch coaming areas.
FIOST (Free In Out Stowed and Trimmed): cargo to be loaded stowed trimmed and discharged free of expense to carrier – scrap cargo needs to be stowed and trimmed. Steel scrap comes in various sizes and types such as bales, shredded or loose. The steel pieces if not properly stowed and leveled, could easily move in a seaway when the vessel is in rough seas causing damage to the hull structure.
FIOSPT (Free In Out Spout Trimmed): cargo to be loaded spout trimmed and discharged free of expense to carrier – free running cargo, bulk grains. The majority of bulk commodities are loaded by mechanical means, often along a belt from the storage area or direct from rail trucks and will be loaded into the vessel’s holds via a spout device which turns horizontally to throw the cargo to the ship’s side and full length of the hold. In this description the cargo will only be trimmed by using the spout.