Bulk Palm Kernels Shipping

Bulk Palm Kernels Shipping

Palm Kernels: When crushed the fruits (kernels) of various varieties of palm trees provide palm oil (or fat) used to make soaps, candles, etc. This crushing process may take place where the plants are grown and the resulting oils shipped in specialised parcel tankers leaving the remaining expellers to be transported in bulk in dry bulk carroers. Like so many tropical plant products, palm kernels are liable to heat and to sweat, are prone to mildew and are readily flammable.

Other Commodities:

Licorice: A Mediterranean root grown also in the Near East and containing a sweet juice, which when extracted forms a brittle, black substance used medicinally and in confectionery. Carried in bags or bales which become moldy if wetted.

Manioc: A tropical plant from which cassava and tapioca are prepared. An edible, bulbous plant with a pungent odour which should therefore be stowed away from other goods liable to taint; requiring good ventilation. Grown worldwide and shipped usually in bags or on pallets.

Poonac: Also known as Brunack, the cake left after extracting oils from coconut pulp, and used as cattle fodder. Like most expellers, is liable to spontaneous combustion. Exported from Sri Lanka.

Potatoes: An edible tuber widely grown for food, being shipped in a variety of ways – in barrels; bags; cases; palletised; and in bulk, largely from the Mediterranean or nearby areas, such as Cyprus, Egypt, Spain and the Canary Islands. Good ventilation is essential at all times and hold temperatures are best kept below 34 degrees Centigrade, so refrigerated ships are useful in this trade. However providing the carrying vessel has an efficient ventilation system with the facility of regularly changing the air flow, and providing proper air-conduits are constructed throughout the cargo compartments where necessary, refrigeration is not essential. Loss of cargo weight during carriage can be considerable.

Rubber: The coagulated sap of certain tropical trees used in a whole variety of manufacturing processes and finished articles. Shipped mainly from South East Asia in bales, nowadays wrapped in polythene sheets, the stowage factor of which varies according to the density of packing. Rubber must be loaded and stowed dry and cool (to avoid mildew), in clean, oil free holds, as certain oils will dissolve this commodity.

  • Palm Kernels Bulk Stowage Factor 60/65
  • Palm Kernels Bagged Stowage Factor 70/75
  • Licorice Root Bagged Stowage Factor 130/140
  • Licorice Root Baled Stowage Factor 85
  • Manioc Bagged Stowage Factor 60/62
  • Poonac Bagged Stowage Factor 80
  • Rubber Baled Stowage Factor 65/70


Bulk Palm Kernels Shipping

Shipping palm kernels in bulk can be a complex process that involves multiple steps and precautions. Here is a brief overview of the process:

  1. Sourcing the Product: Palm kernels are the edible seeds of palm fruit. They are predominantly grown in Southeast Asia, Africa, and parts of Brazil. You need to find reliable suppliers from these regions who can provide quality palm kernels consistently.
  2. Packaging: After harvesting, the palm kernels need to be properly packaged for shipping. Packaging should protect the kernels from moisture, pests, and physical damage. The common packaging options include jute bags, plastic bags, and bulk containers.
  3. Quality Control: Quality control is crucial to ensure the product’s quality. This involves checking the moisture content, inspecting for mold, and checking the oil content of the kernels. An inspection certificate might be required in some cases.
  4. Documentation: Proper documentation is crucial for international shipping. This includes invoices, packing lists, bill of lading, certificates of origin, and phytosanitary certificates, among others.
  5. Choosing a Shipping Method: Sea freight is usually the most cost-effective method for shipping large quantities of palm kernels. You can choose between FCL (Full Container Load) and LCL (Less than Container Load) options based on the quantity you’re shipping.
  6. Customs Clearance: Each country has its own rules and regulations when it comes to importing agricultural products. Make sure you understand the import regulations of the destination country and have prepared all necessary documents for customs clearance.
  7. Delivery to Final Destination: Once the shipment arrives at the destination port, it will need to be collected and transported to its final destination. You can use a freight forwarder or a logistics company for this purpose.
  1. Insurance: Insurance is essential for any shipment and more so for agricultural products like palm kernels that are vulnerable to damage due to environmental conditions, transportation mishaps or other unforeseen circumstances. Therefore, securing a good insurance policy that covers all potential risks associated with the transit is highly recommended.
  2. Incoterms: In international trade, Incoterms define who is responsible for the goods at each point during transportation, who pays for what, and where goods should be picked up and dropped off. It’s important to agree on the appropriate Incoterms with your supplier before shipment.
  3. Environmental Concerns: As an importer or exporter of palm kernels, it’s also important to consider environmental sustainability. Palm oil production is often associated with deforestation and loss of biodiversity. Make sure your suppliers follow sustainable farming practices and are certified by a recognized body such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO).
  4. Storage: Once the palm kernels arrive at their destination, proper storage is essential to maintain their quality. They need to be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. The storage area should also be free from pests.
  5. Continuous Monitoring: Regularly monitor the market trends for palm oil and its products. Commodity prices can fluctuate due to various factors such as changes in supply and demand, weather conditions, and global market trends. Staying informed will help you make timely decisions and maximize profitability.

Remember, every step in the shipping process comes with its own challenges and requirements. Therefore, working with experienced partners like freight forwarders, insurance companies, and local distributors can help ensure a smooth and successful process. They can provide valuable insights and support based on their expertise and understanding of the market. Before you proceed, it’s always a good idea to consult with a logistics expert or freight forwarder who specializes in agricultural commodities. They can provide guidance on the best practices for shipping palm kernels in bulk and help you navigate through the complex shipping and customs procedures.


Bulk Palm Kernels Stowage Factor

The stowage factor of a commodity is a number that represents the volume that one metric ton of that commodity will occupy when stowed. It’s used in shipping to estimate how much space cargo will take up.

Stowage factors vary depending on the form of the material and how it is packaged or prepared for shipment.

  • Palm Kernels Bulk Stowage Factor 60/65
  • Palm Kernels Bagged Stowage Factor 70/75

It’s important to consult with shipping professionals or databases that are up to date to determine the exact stowage factor for your specific circumstances. Changes in packaging, preparation, and the specific characteristics of the cargo can all influence the stowage factor. Please note that the actual figure can vary greatly.


Bulk Palm Kernels Handling

Palm kernels are the edible seeds of the oil palm tree, which produce both palm oil and palm kernel oil. Here are some key points to consider when handling palm kernels in bulk:

  1. Storage: Palm kernels should be stored in a clean, dry, well-ventilated space to avoid mold and other forms of spoilage. They should be kept away from water and humidity to prevent deterioration. Silos, warehouses, or specifically designed kernel storage structures are often used.
  2. Transportation: Palm kernels are usually transported using conveyor belts, pneumatic conveyor systems, or bucket elevators. For long distances, they may be transported by trucks or ships. It is crucial to ensure that the transportation vessels are clean and dry to prevent contamination.
  3. Quality Control: Regular quality control checks are necessary to ensure the kernels are in good condition. This may include checking for the presence of foreign materials, mold, and pests. Additionally, moisture content, oil content, and free fatty acid levels should be monitored as these can impact the quality of the oil that will be extracted.
  4. Safety Measures: Depending on the quantity of the kernels and the machinery involved, safety measures need to be taken. This might include protective clothing, proper training for workers, safety barriers around machinery, and adherence to local safety regulations.
  5. Processing: If the palm kernels are to be processed into palm kernel oil, they will typically be cracked to separate the kernel from the shell, then crushed and heated to extract the oil.
  6. Sustainability: Palm kernel oil production has been associated with deforestation and habitat destruction, particularly in regions like Indonesia and Malaysia. It’s important for companies to source kernels responsibly, ideally from certified sustainable sources.
  7. Waste management: Waste products from palm kernel processing, such as shells, can be used in a variety of ways – for example, as biofuel or in construction. This can help make the handling of palm kernels more sustainable and efficient.

Each of these steps requires careful planning and execution to ensure efficient and sustainable palm kernel handling. By considering each stage of the process, companies can maximize the quality and quantity of palm kernel oil they produce, while minimizing waste and environmental impact.

Top Palm Kernels Exporting Countries

Currently, some of the top palm kernel exporting countries:

  1. Indonesia: Indonesia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of palm oil and palm kernels. The country’s tropical climate provides ideal conditions for oil palm cultivation.
  2. Malaysia: Malaysia is another major player in the global palm oil market, producing a significant amount of the world’s palm kernels.
  3. Thailand: Thailand also has a substantial palm oil industry and exports palm kernels.
  4. Colombia: Colombia is the largest palm oil producer in the Americas and exports a significant amount of palm kernels.
  5. Nigeria: Nigeria is the largest producer of palm oil in Africa and also exports palm kernels.
  6. Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire): Ivory Coast is another significant producer in Africa.
  7. Ghana: Ghana is an emerging player in the global palm oil industry and also exports palm kernels.

For the most up-to-date information, please consult the latest reports or statistics from relevant bodies such as the United Nations Comtrade database or the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).